Food & Drink

what foods to avoid if alkaline phosphatase is high

what foods to avoid if alkaline phosphatase is high

A critical enzyme in many body functions, such as the digestion of proteins, is alkaline phosphatase (ALP). It is present in numerous bodily tissues, with the liver, bile ducts, and bone having the most significant quantities. Elevated levels of ALP can indicate several health issues, ranging from liver disease and bile duct obstruction to bone disorders and certain cancers. Managing your diet is essential when dealing with high ALP levels, as certain foods can exacerbate the condition. This comprehensive guide explores the foods to avoid and why they are detrimental when ALP levels are elevated.

The Role of Diet in Managing Alkaline Phosphatase Levels

Nutrition is essential for preserving general health since it affects the levels of enzymes, particularly ALP. A balanced diet can help manage ALP levels, support liver function, and promote bone health. Conversely, consuming certain foods can lead to an increase in ALP levels, potentially worsening underlying health issues.

Foods to Avoid

High-Fat Foods

High-fat foods, especially those containing saturated and trans fats, can strain the liver, making it harder for the organ to function correctly, which can lead to increased ALP levels. Fried foods like French fries and fried chicken, processed meats such as sausage with bacon, and high-fat dairy products like full-fat cheese, butter, and cream should be avoided. The liver metabolizes fat, and an excessive intake can lead to fatty liver illness, a condition that impairs liver function and can result in elevated ALP levels.

Sugary Foods and Beverages

Consuming too much sugar can cause fatty liver disease, which is frequently linked to high ALP levels. High sugar consumption also contributes to obesity, further increasing the risk of liver disease. Reduce your intake of sugary snacks like candies, cookies, and pastries, sugary drinks like soda and energy drinks, and foods that contain high-fructose corn syrup. Elevated blood sugar levels may result in oxidative stress and inflammatory response in the liver, which can harm the liver and raise ALP levels.


Alcohol is particularly harmful to the liver and can lead to liver disease, a common cause of elevated ALP levels. People with high ALP levels need to limit or avoid alcohol altogether. Spirits, wine, and beer should be avoided or used rarely. ALP levels can rise as a result of cirrhosis and alcoholic liver disease, two disorders caused by toxic byproducts of alcohol metabolism in the liver that can harm liver cells.

High-Sodium Foods

Overconsumption of sodium can cause hypertension and other cardiovascular problems, which can indirectly impact liver function. High-sodium diets can also contribute to fluid retention and swelling, complicating existing liver problems. Processed foods like canned soups, frozen dinners, salty snacks, fast food, and cured meats such as ham and salami are high in sodium and should be limited. High sodium levels can exacerbate liver conditions such as cirrhosis, leading to complications like ascites (fluid buildup in the abdomen) and increased ALP levels.

Refined Carbohydrates

Refined carbs can increase blood sugar levels and aggravate fatty liver disease. Examples of these foods are white bread and pastries. Instead, opt for whole grains that are high in fibre and beneficial for overall health. White bread, pastries, and white rice should be replaced with whole grain or whole wheat alternatives. The high glycemic index of refined starches can cause sharp rises in insulin and blood sugar levels, contributing to insulin resistance and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can raise ALP levels.

Red Meat

Red meat, mainly when processed or cooked at high temperatures, can contribute to inflammation and liver strain, leading to increased ALP levels. Alternatively, go for lean protein sources, including fish, chicken, and plant-based proteins. Beef and pork, mainly processed meats like hot dogs and sausages, should be limited. Saturated fat is abundant in red meat. It can promote inflammation and oxidative stress in the liver, exacerbating liver conditions and raising ALP levels.

Beneficial Alternatives

Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

A diet rich in fresh produce provides essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that assist liver function and overall health. Additionally, they include a lot of fibre, which promotes healthy blood sugar regulation and digestion. Leafy greens like kale and spinach, blueberries, other berries and strawberries, and cruciferous vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower are all excellent choices. Antioxidants found in fruits and vegetables have the ability to lower ALP levels by improving liver function and lessening the effects of oxidative stress and inflammation in the liver.

Whole Grains

Whole grains are rich in minerals and fibre, making them a healthier alternative to refined carbohydrates. They aid in blood sugar regulation and assist in digestive health. Quinoa, oats, and brown rice are nutritious options to incorporate into your diet. Whole grains have a low glycemic index and provide sustained energy release, helping to stabilize blood sugar levels and lower the likelihood of rising insulin resistance and fatty liver disease.

Lean Proteins

Lean Proteins are necessary to sustain muscle mass and support overall health without adding excessive fats to your diet. Skinless chicken and turkey, fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids, and plant-based proteins like beans and lentils are great alternatives to red meat. Omega-3 fatty acids in fish can aid in lowering inflammation and improving liver health, potentially lowering ALP levels.

Healthy Fats

Healthy fats, like those in nuts, seeds and avocados, are essential for maintaining good health. They help reduce inflammation and support heart health. Almonds, walnuts, chia seeds, flaxseeds, avocado, and olive oil are excellent sources of healthy fats. These fats can improve lipid profiles, reduce inflammation, and support overall liver health, helping to regulate ALP levels.


Staying hydrated is crucial for liver health and overall bodily function. Adequate water helps remove toxins and aids the liver in metabolizing nutrients. Aim for at least eight glasses of water a day, and consider adding herbal teas like chamomile, peppermint, and green tea to your hydration routine. Drinking enough water assists the liver’s detoxification activities and helps maintain blood volume, promoting better liver function and potentially lowering ALP levels.


Managing high alkaline phosphatase levels requires a comprehensive approach, including dietary changes. By avoiding high-fat foods, sugary snacks, alcohol, high-sodium foods, refined carbohydrates, and red meat, you can support liver health and help regulate ALP levels. You can further improve your general health and well-being by including whole grains, lean proteins, healthy fats, fresh fruits and veggies, and drinking enough water. Before making significant dietary changes, always get medical advice, especially if you suffer from underlying medical conditions. A customized strategy for food and lifestyle changes can achieve effective ALP-level management and long-term health promotion.

Tags: Alcohol and Liver, Alkaline Phosphatase, Bile Duct Obstruction, Bone Disorders, Bone Health, Diet and Enzyme Levels, Dietary Changes, Fresh Fruits and Vegetables, Healthy Fats, High ALP Levels, High-Fat Foods, Hydration, Lean Proteins, Liver Disease, Liver Health, Managing ALP Levels, Red Meat, Refined Carbohydrates, Sodium Intake, Sugary Foods, Whole Grains

More Similar Posts